The Great Wildebeest Migration is a Spectacular Natural Phenomenon that happens in Masai Mara Game Reserve. This Masai Mara Safari takes Place between the Months of July and August every year. Millions of wildebeests, zebras and other types of antelopes start the journey from the Serengeti plains to Masai Mara during this period. This is usually as a result of decreased food supplies in the Serengeti.
During the months of January to March, food supply is in plenty on the Serengeti side. This also happens to be the calving season. During this period, the mothers to be congregate at one place and do not mix with other animals. Labor normally lasts for about thirty minutes and most give birth before midday.
It is very crucial that calves are born before the great wildebeest migration starts to give them enough time to grow and become strong for the journey ahead of them. Once the calves are born, a few minutes later, they stand and follow their mother.
Once the mothers give birth, they move from the ones waiting to give birth to the new mom's section. Here, it is there duty to stay close to their calves until they establish the scent and can know them well to avoid losing them. After the months of plenty of rainfall are over, the wildebeest migration begins.
Due to the vast numbers of the animals, grazing land gets depleted very fast. They have to keep on moving in search of new pastures. They also have to take in water on a daily basis therefore; they cannot stay in dry areas. Luckily, when the Serengeti is dry, the Masai Mara side is flourishing. This ensures that they do not starve. This in fact is the whole reason for the wildebeest migration.
As they move towards the Masai Mara, they are weakened as they do not have enough food and water on the way. Some collapse on the way while others become prey to the predators following the great wildebeest migration route. Mostly, the very young, sickly and old do not survive the long and tiring journey.
The great wildebeest migration climaxes as almost 2 millions wildebeests, zebras and gazelles try to cross the Mara River. During the wildebeest Migration cross over, the Mara River is usually swollen as there is plenty of rain on this side of the plains. The animals are weak from thirst and lack of food. As they try to cross over, some drown as the river can only allow a small area for them to cross over from and the resulting stampede is great.
The great wildebeest migration drama is heightened by the presence of predators. These are the Mara River crocodiles, lions, hyenas and other game consuming animals. The crocodiles in the Mara River are some of the largest in the world. Attacking a worn out wildebeest is a child's play to them. The lions too and other predators take advantage of the drowning and hurt animals near the shores. It is usually a feast season for all the carnivores.
During the wildebeest migration, approximately 250,000 animals perish. This is a huge loss but it is compensated for by the baby boom that takes place when the animals get back to the Serengeti once they deplete food on the Masai Mara side. It is estimated that 500,000 new births take place. The cycle repeats itself the following year.
This phenomenon takes place around the months of June, July and August. Being a natural occurrence the timings may vary but be assured that it has to take place yearly. This is a spectacular site nobody should miss out on. Come and witness this natural phenomenon and experience a memorable safari adventure of a lifetime.